The nature of intentional attacks against civilians in the world is mutating. Specifically, mass atrocity is transitioning from ‘state-centric and rebel-involved perpetration toward a murkier world of subterranean atrocity.
The logic follows that more employment reduces conflict risk, which in turn fosters the economic environment for investment and more jobs, which further increases stability that leads to more jobs and so on. However, the potential to realise this virtuous cycle is a lot more complicated.
It is not often that we get a chance to really get to grips with what positive peace means, to reflect on how it is used and to understand how the different communities involved in peace work define and pursue the goals of positive peace.
The economic priorities of Sudan are distorted by the conflict. Sudan is a relatively poor country that spends far more lavishly on guns than on butter. The costs of the Darfur war are a serious public policy issue and an unaffordable drain on Sudan’s resources.
A fundamental initial step in effective programming for preventing violent extremism is to understand what is driving it.
“Violence shapes governance systems because it affects the distribution of economic, social and political power among social groups” writes Patricia Justino.
The fight against terrorism has come at a tremendous cost of lives lost and development disrupted. Radical Islamist extremism has become the world’s most potent global revolutionary force and terrorism has become a constant threat inside and outside our societies.
The numbers within 2017 Global Terrorism Index tell us one part of the story but the weight of the narrative lies elsewhere. It lies with the people living with the daily realities of the impact of violent extremism and the global war on terror.
Terrorism today has emerged as one of the most potent threats to global peace and security.
Terror attacks began increasing in Asia in the early 2000s. According to the Global Terrorism Database (GTD), South Asia was more affected than anywhere else in the world between 2008 and 2013.
As countries become better at detecting, investigating and prosecuting terrorism suspects, including returning foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs), prison services across the world are faced with a growing number of terrorism offenders in their institutions.
For the second year in a row, the total number of global deaths caused by terrorism has declined. The reduction in deaths is encouraging, but 2016 was also the third deadliest year since 2000.
Previously there has been little understanding of the main drivers of the transition to peace, but the release of the Positive Peace Report 2017 helps to shine a light on this perplexing question.
“Increasingly, the U.S. regards military service as a personal and professional career choice and not a civic or national duty or as essential to the debate on American citizenship,” writes Jomana Amara.