The UK Peace Index
The UKPI gauges peace according to the levels of violent crime, homicide, public disorder, weapons crime and the number of police.
The most peaceful local area on the UKPI is Broadland, followed by Three Rivers and South Cambridgeshire. The least peaceful local areas are all in London, they are Lewisham, Lambeth and Hackney. London tells a unique story. Almost every London borough is more peaceful than it was a decade ago, however it remains the least peaceful region in the UK. London is relatively peaceful in comparison to other major cities worldwide. Over the last decade, the UK has had the largest drop in total crime of all European countries. Index highlights include:
- The total economic impact of violence in 2012 was £124 billion.
- The UK had the largest decrease in total crime of all European countries over the past decade.
- Incarceration is not a cost-effective solution to reducing violence, it costs £40,800 per prisoner per year.
- Reducing violence in the UK by only 9 per cent would result in savings of more than £11 billion – the total cost of the London Olympic Games.
Crime and homicide rates have decreased significantly, with the homicide rate halving over the last decade. Fear of crime is greater than the reality in the UK, 17% of Britons think they will be victim to a violent crime, when less than 4% will. In identifying the drivers of peace and the causes of violence, it is clear that poverty is most closely associated with violence, while difference in levels of income have no impact.
The UK and the US Compared
The UK Peace Index report compares findings from the two national peace indices produced by IEP, the US Peace Index and the UK Peace Index. The comparison shows homicide, as a proportion of total violent crime, is almost 10 times higher in the US than the UK. In the US two out of three homicides are caused by guns, compared to only one in 13 in the UK.
The lack of peace in the UK had an economic impact of £124 billion last year, a figure which represents direct and indirect costs, as well as loss of productivity. This is equivalent to 7.7% of the UK’s annual GDP.