Country close-up: Ukraine on the Global Peace Index
The Eastern European country has experienced notable changes on this year’s Global Peace Index, after years of conflict.
GPI Rank: 150 out of 163
Change in rank: Up 2 places
Ukraine recorded the largest improvement in peace in the 2019 Global Peace Index (GPI), after years of conflict that followed the large-scale and violent 2013 anti-government protests.
With an overall score improvement 0.197, or 6.25 per cent, the country rose two places. Most notably, the Ongoing Conflict domain improved for the first time since 2011, by 9.9 per cent.
Despite these improvements, Ukraine still ranks amongst the 20 least peaceful countries in the world.
Four indicators improved on the Safety and Security domain, notably political terror and terrorism impact. The impact of terrorism in Ukraine declined five per cent last year, and Ukraine’s score on the Political Terror Scale improved for the first time since 2015.
For the Ongoing Conflict domain, the largest improvement occurred for the deaths from internal conflict indicator, owing to a decline in the intensity of the war in the Donbas region that began in 2014.
At the time of writing the GPI, the most recent of several ceasefires was in place between the Ukrainian government and Russian-backed separatist forces. While Ukraine’s overall score improved substantially, there were some notable deteriorations. The political instability indicator deteriorated by seven per cent last year due to uncertainty ahead of the 2019 presidential election. However, the election appears to have proceeded smoothly, paving the way for future improvement in this indicator.